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the hadiths
imam nawawi



Adab   Manners / ethics.
Adhan   The call for prayers.
Adil   Just.
Ahkam   Rulings.
Ahlul Fatrah   The people who have not received the Message of Islam (i.e. guidance) at all; or the Message has not reached them in the clearest form, i.e. it is incomplete or distorted. These people will be excused and not be punished.
Ahlul Kitab   The people of the revealed Books.
Akhirah   The Day of Judgement.
Akhlaq   Ethics.
Al-Amr bil-Ma'ruf wan-Nahiu 'anil-Munkar   Enjoining what is good and discouraging what is evil.
Al-Khulafa al - Rashidun   The Rightly-Guided Caliphs.
Al-Lauhulmahfudz   The Preserved Tablet.
Amanah   Religious obligations.
Aql   Intellect.
At-Tayyib   Literally, it means 'something good'. Ibn Rajab interprets the word as "at-tahir", or pure. "At-Tayyib" is used in the Qur'an and Sunnah to describe actions, good deeds, people, things, speech, etc. This term is used as adjectives.
Awam   General public.
Awliya'   Closer servants (of Allah).
Ayah   A verse from the Qur'an. (plural: ayat)
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Barakah   Blessings.
Basirah   Insight.
Bid'ah   Heresy.
Burhan   Proof.
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Da'wah   Preaching or disseminating the Message of Islam.
Deen   Religion / way of life.
Dhikr (or zikr)   Remembrance of Allah.
Dua'   Supplication.
Dunia   This worldly life.
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Eyla'   Disassociating with one's wife.
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Fa'izun   The most successful people.
Fara'ed   Inheritance.
Fard-a'yn   An individual obligation.
Fard-kifayah   Community-wide collective obligations.
Faqih   Jurist.
Fiqh   Jurisprudence.
Fitan   Trials.
Fitrah Natural disposition / innate
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Ghaib   What is beyond the reach of human perception.
Ghibah   Backbiting.
Ghibtah   To have the desire to achieve the good qualities that others have.
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Hadith   The sayings and traditions of Prophet Muhammad, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam.
Hajat alwadaa'   The farewell sermon of the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam.
Hajj   Pilgrimage to the House (Kaabah) in Makkah, Saudi Arabia.
Halal   Lawful.
Haram   Prohibited.
Hasad   Envy.
Hawa   Self-desire.
Haya'   Modesty, shame, shyness or bashfulness. The word "haya'" is derived from the word "al-hayah", which means 'life', as if the person who has no haya' (modesty) is like a dead person.


Hikmah   Wisdom.
Hilm   Forbearance.
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Forms of worship / good deeds.




A comprehensive concept which denotes doing things completely, nicely and in a tasteful manner.

Ikhlas Sincerity.
Ikrah Duress.


Iman Faith.
Insha Allah "If Allah Wills".
Iqamatus salah


  • Doing the wudu' in the proper way
  • To perform the salah in its time
  • To perform the salah in congregation (jama'ah) - where the reward is 27 times than praying alone
  • To fulfill the six conditions of salah
  • To observe the proper manners (adab) of doing it such as submission and humility
  • To follow preferable actions (sunnan) in our salah.
Iradah Willingness.
Istighfar Seeking Allah's forgiveness.
Istiqamah Literally means: to go straight into the right direction, acting rightly, allowing no deviation. It is derived from the stem "Qiyyam", which implies the continuity of doing something, following up with it and making sure that it is done in the right way and there is neither deviation nor swerving.
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Jama'ah Congregation.
Jannah Paradise.
Jawareh   Limbs.
Jihad   Striving for the sake of Allah. This includes da'wah, disseminating knowledge and educating others, maximizing the good and minimizing the evil, reconciling clashes and conflicts between Muslims, striving for the betterment of community.
Jizziya   Compensation.
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Kafir   Disbeliever.
Kaffarah   Expiation of sins.
Karam   Generosity.
Khayr Goodness.
Khilafah   Early Islamic leadership (Caliph).
Kufr   Disbelief.
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A school of jurisprudence or a school of thought.

Makruhat Non-preferable actions.
Mandub Preferable acts/ good actions that are not compulsory but are encouraged.
Ma'siat Committing sins.






Mubah Permissible actions.
Muhadithun Scholars of Hadith.

Prohibitions .

Muhasabah Self accountability.
Mujahadah To make continuous efforts to do good deeds.
Mukallaf Responsible.
Muraqabah Self reckoning.
Musharatah Commitment.
Mutab'ah By following the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam.
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The act of trading where a person offers a high price for a certain item not for the sake of buying it but for the sake of raising the price of the item so that in the end it is sold for more than its actual price/worth.

Naru Jahanam


Nasihah "Truly seeking the best, in terms of intention and action, for the one whom a person is making nasihah to".
Nawafil al-salawat

The preferable prayers that the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, used to perform every day.


Vow .



Niyyah Intention.
Nutfah The drop of a fluid.
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Qadar Fate.
Qudrah   Power.
Qudwah   To set a good example.
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Ramadhan The month of fasting (the 9th month of the Islamic calendar).
Riba'   Profit.
Rifq   Gentleness.
Riya'   Performing an ibadah with the intention of showing off to others; or doing things for self-interest and to please others and not for the sake of Allah.
Rizq   Provision.
Ruh   Spirit.
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Sabab al-wurud Reasons and background of a hadith.
Sabr   Patience.
Sadaqah   Preferable / encouraged charity.
Sahabi   A companion of the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam.
Sahabah   The Prophet's, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam, companions, may Allah be pleased with them all.
Salaf   The early scholars.
Salah   Prayers.
Salameh   Small bone/joint.
Sanad   Chain of narrators of a saying of the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam.
Shafa'ah   Intercession.
Shahadah   The declaration of the Oneness of Allah;
Shahadah of the ummah : being witnesses of the Truth.
Shahawat   Desires.
Shaitan Satan.
Shari'ah   Islamic Law.
Shirk   Associating others with Allah.
Sunnah (sunnan) Practice, usages, utterances, actions and tacit approvals of the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam.
Surah   A chapter from the Qur'an.
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Tadarruj Being gradual.
Tahajjud   Praying optional preferable prayers at night.
Taqiyah   To say or do something which you do not believe in and are not satisfied with.
Taqwa   Piety or righteousness or fearing Allah - one of the most important and comprehensive Islamic concepts. The term is derived from its root "waqayya" which means 'to protect'. Taqwa therefore means to protect one own self from the severe punishment of Allah by following His guidance.
Taubah   Repentance.
Tawaadu'   Humility.
Tawakul   Relying on Allah alone.
Tawfiqul Allah   Guidance and support from Allah.
Tawhid   To submit to the will of Allah and to worship only Allah.
Tayammum   Ablution without using water.
Tazkiyah & tarbiyah   Spiritual training and education.
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'Ubudiyyah   Worshipping Allah.
Ulama' Scholars.
Ummah The nation or collective body of Muslims.
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Wajibat   Religious obligations.
Wala' A comprehensive concept that encompasses four sub-concepts: love, care, help and protection.
Wali   A closer servant to Allah.
Wasiyyah   Will.
Waswasah   Insinuation / whispering of Satan.
Wudu'   Ablution.
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Zakat Compulsory charity.
Zina'   Committing adultery.
Zuhd   Asceticism.
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